Mayer, Jean François. "Labour Relations in Mexico (1988-2012): Explaining Continuity across Regime Types and Economic Models." LLACS Working Paper.

Hilgers, Tina, and Michael Campbell. "Favelas and the Brazilian State: Governing in Stateless Spaces." LLACS Working Paper.

Hilgers, Tina, Maxime Honigmann, and Anna Calderon. "The Brazilian Middle Classes and Democracy: Paolo's Story." LLACS Working Paper.


Abstract: Since 2010, the Brazilian political system has remained mired in a state of turmoil, driven in large part by the discontent and shifting political loyalties of its emerging middle class. After years of mass protest facilitated the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff in August 2016, polling has found that the middle class’ support for lower class political inclusion has weakened. This democratic regression has been fueled by the middle class’ increasing perceptions of the poor’s irrationality and of the ruling leftist coalition’s economic incompetence. Overlying this trend is Brazil’s crippling recession which followed a rapid commodity boom in the 2000s and has threatened the new middle class’ financially uncertain “struggler” status. The paper uses data from ethnographic research in São Paulo and from public opinion surveys to argue that the new middle class’ support for substantive democracy is tenuous and dependent on economic performance. Our evidence highlights key challenges for Latin American participatory and representational political institutions. 

Hilgers, Tina, Belem Barrera González, and Michael Campbell. "Auditing Corruption: Processes and Problems in the Mexican ASF." LLACS Working Paper.

Hilgers, Tina, Ana Luiza Aranha, and Michael Campbell. "Elite Interests, Corruption, and Political Instability: the Case of Brazil." LLACS Working Paper.

​​Hilgers, Tina. “Using Community Knowledge in the Struggle against Chronic Violence? Integrated Security Policy in Medellín, Kingston, and Rio de Janeiro.” LLACS Working Paper.


Nora E. Jaffary and Jane E. Mangan, Women in Colonial Latin America: Texts and Contexts, 1550-1823. Under contract with the Hackett Publishing Company.

Description:​ With a view to depicting the diversity of women's experiences, in this volume we introduce readers to twenty-six historical episodes spanning the colonial period. We have chosen examples that document the lives of Spanish, indigenous, African, and mixed race women; that reveal the experiences of upper and lower class women; and that illuminate both urban and rural experiences. Every case study will enliven students' encounters with colonial Latin American women's history through the inherent interest each tale holds. The selected episodes range from the details of the last will and testament of a mid-sixteenth-century indigenous marketwoman to the criminal trial of a prostitute of Spanish descent in early nineteenth-century Mexico, exonerated for the crime of infanticide in 1806. The documents further depict the internal contradictions and complexities of women’s lives that will challenge students to move beyond superficial glosses of women's past experiences.


Moraes, Rubens Lima, and Tina Hilgers. "Non-state Authoritarian Clientelism: the Influence of Armed Actors over the Delivery of Urban Services in Latin American Favelas." LLACS Working Paper.


Description: This paper discusses the role of armed actors , who use armed violence to enforce clientelistic deals and control Latin American slums (poor communities). This armed clientelism and its effects on political representation and public service delivery have not been widely analyzed in the literature. The research question of this paper is: how do armed actors influence clientelism in Latin American poor communities? This paper discusses a particular type of clientelism, a "non-state authoritarian clientelism" . The capacity to use authoritarian means to enforce compliance of clientelist exchanges goes beyond the state-level and is controlled by armed actors. Furthermore, I argue that armed actors politicize the delivery of urban services by centralizing the decision-making of the neighbourhood associations in the slums and brokering deals with the state without the consultation of residents.




Working Papers