Obstacles for the Development of Public Security Policies in Line with Human Rights in Brazil
This paper deals with the difficult mandate of Supreme Audit Institutions to study corruption. It focuses on the case of Mexico and the problems encountered by anti-corruption specialists in the Auditoría Superior de la Federación.
This paper seeks to determine what factors explain the persistence and pervasiveness of the imbrication of the formal, informal and illegal economic sectors. It studies the relationship between stall owners, the market administration, the union and the police and how changing social, political and economic contexts motivate their selection of economic practices which in turn leads to the persistence of the imbrication of the formal and informal sectors. The relationship between This is examined using data gathered over a period of five months from April to August 2018 in the municipal market in the town of Antigua, Guatemala.
Brazil is among the countries with the highest levels of violence in the world. Homicide is the main cause of death among youth in Brazil, especially Afro-Brazilian males in the poor suburbs and favelas of metropolitan areas. Although preliminary studies show that preventive programs in line with human rights are more effective in reducing rates of lethal violence than overly repressive approaches, the state continues to allocate more resources to repressive policies and police remain among the worst perpetrators of lethal violence in Brazil. This research project aims to identify and analyze the main obstacles to the development of preventive initiatives and the overcoming of practices that threaten human rights in Brazilian public security policies. It focuses on the relationship between institutional legacies and ideas in the processes of institutional maintenance and change in public policies.
This project theorizes the changing relationships between the favelas and the state.
Embedded Economic Practices in Antigua’s Municipal Market
The objective of this project is to explore the tenuous relationship between the middle classes and democracy in Brazil. It analyzes the formation of the traditional and the new middle classes, focusing on how institutional and economic contexts frame their relationships with each other, with elites, and with the lower classes, and on how these relationships help to construct perspectives on citizenship rights and political regimes. Data from ethnographic fieldwork in São Paulo are examined.